Scotts Brothers Nursery Co.
Organic soil is best. Mulch will kill (too much acid).
If planting in pots, a 4-inch pot works best. Usually, two of any one variety fits well. Woodland Flowers are graded as dug only.
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Phone: 931-473-2954
Fax: 931-473-4628
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria montana)
Has a leafy branch up to 8 inches tall, with leaves 6-12" long. The white, tear-dropped flowers are in a raceme which does not rise so high. The bracts are very narrow and mostly more than 1/2 inch long. Blooms: May-July. Height: 10-12". Bulbs: 3". Full to partial shade.
May Apple (Podophyllum peltatum)
Large leaves, a foot or more across, deeply lobed. A large white flower on a short stem at the base of the 2 leaves. Hidden under the umbrella of the two leaves. By mid-summer, the flower has matured into a yellow, oval fruit about 2 inches long, from which the plant gets its common name. Height: 12-18 inches. Blooms: April-June. Soil needs rich organic content and average moisture. Spreads quickly by rhizomes and can self-seed. Can form a wonderful ground cover under open deciduous woods. Perennial. Full to partial shade.
Nodding Mandarin (Disporum maculatum)
Small and delicate pale yellow sepals spotted with purple which hang singly or in pairs from the ends of usually forked stems. Height: 4-16 inches. Blooms: April-June. Full shade.
Ox-eye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
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Leaves at base and on stem are narrow and have shallow lobes. Each flowerhead has white ray flowers surrounding a center of yellow disk flowers. Height: 1-2 feet. Blooms: June-August.
Soil needs low to rich organic content and average moisture.  Readily self-seeds, and seedlings can be easily transplanted.  Divide in spring or fall. Perennial. Full sun.
Partridge Berry/Red Berry (Mitehella repens)
(a.k.a. 'Running Box' or 'Checker Box'). A creeping vine-like plant with small evergreen leaves in pairs, the shining roundish blades on stalks. The fragrant white tubular flowers are in pairs at the ends of the branches. The petals are hairy on the inside. A fruit develops curiously from the lower parts of both flowers, which fuse into a single scarlet berry. Blooms: May-July. Height: creeper, with stem is 4-12".  Recommended along a path or bank. Full to partial shade.
Phlox Tall Garden (Phlox paniculata)
Magnificent, fragrant flower clusters. Colorful blooms adorn these classic 18-36" perennials from July-September. The cultivars we offer are refined versions of one of the most popular native American perennials. Hardy and easy to grow. Space plants 10-16" apart in the middle or back of the flower bed. Mulch after the ground freezes. Full sun to partial shade
Phlox, Wild Blue (Phlox divaricata)
(a.k.a. 'Wild Sweet William'). A common and beautiful plant of mid-western fields and woodland. The stem is erect or nearly so, though the base may lie on the ground, curving upward. The calyx and flower-stalks are beset with glands. Runners are formed at the base. A fragrant, purple flower. Blooms: April-June. Full to partial shade.
Poppy, Golden/Wood Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
(a.k.a. 'Celandine Poppy'). Distinguished by two paired, pinnately cleft or divided leaves on the stem. The yellow petals make a flower about 2-inches across. Height: 12"-18". Blooms: March-May. Full to partial shade.
Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota)
(a.k.a. 'Wild Carrot'). Basal rosette of fernlike leaves in first 1-2 years; 2nd-3rd year grows a branching stalk with white, flat-topped clusters of flowers at the tips. Height: 2-4 feet. Blooms: June-September. Soil needs low to rich organic content and average moisture. Requires 2 years to flower and then dies, but can self-seed. Good for meadows and sometimes perennial gardens. Biennial. Full sun.
Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens)
One of the most common orchids native to eastern North America. It is an evergreen terrestrial species with variegated leaves. It is a creeping plant that divides on the ground surface and sends out short stolons. It may be terrestrial or, occasionally, epipetric, growing on rock shelves. It prefers mildly to moderately acidic soils, such as in oak-heath forests.
Shooting Stars (Dodecatheon meadia)
Narrow leaves at the base and a distinctive flower with petals pointing backward and ring of pollen at the flower tip. Can range in color from lavender to pink to white. Usually lavender. Height: 6-24 inches.  Blooms: April-June. Soil needs rich organic content and average moisture. Shooting stars need moisture during the spring growing period but can withstand drought when the leaves die back in summer and the plant goes dormant. Perennial. Full sun to partial shade.
Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum biflorum)
Alternate, parallel-veined leaves on an arching stem. Small bell-like flowers hang mostly in pairs off the leaf axis. Graceful plants that are known more for the design of their leaves and their blue berries than for their small, inconspicuous, greenish-flowers. Height: 1-3 feet.  Blooms: May-June. Soil needs rich organic content and average moisture. Spreads through rhizomes, and if happy will form a large grouping. Prefers slightly acid soil. Perennial. Full shade.
Solomon's Seal, False (Smilacina racemosa)
Alternate, parallel-veined leaves on a slightly zigzag, arching stem.  White flowers at the tip of the stem. In spring, it has graceful arching stems with leaves. In summer, it has showy flowers. In fall, it has a large cluster of bright red berries. Height: 1-3 feet.  Blooms: May-July. Soil needs rich organic content and average moisture. This plant prefers slightly acid soil but will grow under a variety of conditions. Good foliage plant in shaded locations.  Spreads by growth of rhizomes. Perennial. Full to partial shade.
Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
(a.k.a. 'Spotted Pipsissewa'). Has leaves which are striped rather than spotted with white. They are lanceolate and sharp-pointed, with teeth at rather wide intervals on the margin. The flower is nearly an inch across, white and fragrant. Several flowers hang face down at the ends of their stalks, which spread from the tip of the stem.  Blooms: June-August. Full to partial shade.
Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica)
A pair of grasslike leaves partway up the stem. White to pink petals have darker lines on them. One of the earliest flowers to bloom in spring. Its flowers open only when it is sunny, closing at night and during cloudy weather. They also close if picked. The tuber is edible but should be left alone so others can enjoy the flowers. Height: 6-12 inches. Blooms: March-May. Soil needs low to rich organic content and average moisture. Dies back and becomes dormant after blooming. Self-seeds and spreads by rhizomes. Perennial. Full to partial shade.
Squirrel Corn (Dicentra canadensis)
Flat sprays of finely divided leaves (almost identical to those of dutchman's breeches). Heart-shaped flowers hanging off a short stalk. Named for the many yellow spherical tubers on the root, which resemble kernels of corn. All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids, but there is no danger in smelling the strong fragrance of the flowers, which is reminiscent of hyacinths. Height: 6-12 inches. Blooms: April-June. Soil needs rich organic content, average moisture. Leaves die back in summer. Easy to grow and will spread.  Divide tubers in late spring to summer to propagate. Perennial. Full to partial shade.
Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
Stem rises from 4-12" tall. The flowers, in spite of the botanical name, are not in an umbel but in a raceme. The lower flower-stalks are much longer than the upper, so that a somewhat flat inflorescence is formed. Under each flower-stalk is a conspicuous bract. Petals and sepals are less than an inch long, white with a green stripe on the outside. The stalks of the stamens are flat and white. Blooms: April-June. Full sun to partial shade.
Tickseed (coreopsis)
The flowers are usually yellow with a toothed tip.  They have showy flower heads with involucral bracts in two distinct series of eight eash, the outer being commonly connate at  the base.  Coreopsis are easy to grow and have a long bloom time.
All Trilliums:
Like shade and need to be kept moist. Mulch every year with leaves.  Bulbs are the size of a quarter. Full shade.
Trillium, Beige (Trillium erectum)
Similar to the red trillium, but beige in color. Full shade.
Trillium, Dwarf (Trillium pusillum)
Sometimes has a very short flower-stalk. The petals are at first white, changing to pink or purple, up to an inch long or longer. The leaves are small, less than 3 inches long, elliptic or lanceolate, blunt. The stigmas are carried up on a short style. Blooms: April. Height: 6-8 inches. Very small. Full shade.
Trillium, Prairie (Trillium recurvatum)
Erect, clawed, maroon petals. Drooping sepals, and mottled leaves.  Distinguished by having stalked petals. The sepals are sharply bent down. The leaves are also stalked. Blooms April-May. Height: 6-18 inches. Full shade.
Trillium, Red (Trillium erectum)
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(a.k.a. Purple Trillium or Wake-robin Trillium). Three large pointed leaves at the top of the stem. Three petaled red flower is at the tip of a stalk. Height: 12-18 inches. Blooms: April-May. Soil needs rich organic content and average moisture. For best results, keep soil moist and mulch heavily with rotted leaves each year. Will spread slowly as a clump. Perennial. Full shade.
Trillium, Snowy White (Trillium grandiflorum)
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Three large pointed leaves at top of stem. Large 3-petaled white flower, 2-4 inches across, on a stalk. The flower points slightly upward. After being pollinated, the flowers start to change color from white to shades of pink. Trilliums, when started from seed take 6-8 years to have their first bloom. Blooms: April-June. Height: 12-18 inches. Soil needs rich organic content and low to average moisture. Keep soil moist and mulch heavily with leaves each year. Will spread as a clump slowly. Perennial. Full shade.
Trillium, Toad Shade (Trillium sessile)
Has leaves usually mottled or blotched with brown. About 3" long.  The sepals and petals are rather narrow and the petals stand nearly erect. The petals are either maroon or greenish-yellow. Blooms: April-June. Height: 4-12". Full shade.
Trillium, Yellow (Trillium luteum)
Similar to Toad Shade Trillium. Has bright yellow flowers and strongly mottled leaves up to 6 inches long. The petals do not open. Full shade.
Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum)
One or 2 long thin leaves mottled with purplish brown making them look like a trout under the ripples of a mountain stream. A single flower stalk with a yellow, lily-like flower. Height: 6-12 inches. Blooms: March-May. Soil needs rich organic content and high moisture. Best grown near a stream or other spot where it is always moist. Plants take 4-7 years of growing until they bloom. From then on may bloom sporadically. In late summer, side bulbs can be detached from mature bulbs and planted nearby to increase your stand. Small bulbs. Perennial. Full shade.
Violets, Bird's Foot (Viola pedata)
The 'Queen of all Violets.' One of the loveliest wildflowers. Deeply lobed leaves growing from base of plant. Violet-colored flowers on separate stalks taller than the leaves. Delicate. Can grow in dry gravel and sand, but can also be crowded out. Height: 3-5 inches. Blooms: April-June. Soil needs low to average organic content and low to average moisture. This plant likes to grow where few others do. It is ideal for a rock garden or dry waste space. Will self-seed. Perennial. Full to partial shade.
Violets, Blue Garden (viola papilionacea)
The blue-purple, 3/4", irregular flowers are on a leafless stalk that doesn't extend above the long stalked, toothed, heart shaped basal leaves, which are between 3" - 8" tall.
Violets, Mixed colors (Viola)
Have a flat lower petal which provides a landing-place for insects, two side petals or 'wings,' and two upper petals. The lower petal is generally prolonged backward into a hollow sac. Full sun.
Violets, Sweet White (Viola blanda)
Well named for its fragrant flowers. The plants are often tiny. The flowers are not more than 1/2" across. The heart-shaped leaf blades only about leaf-blades only about an inch wide at flowering time, on stalks not much longer. The upper petals are narrow and apt to be bent back and twisted. The lower petals have brownish veins. All the petals lack hairs. Blooms: April-June. Full shade.
Violets, yellow (Viola Pubescens)
This is a softly hairy violet, 9-12 in. tall. The bright yellow flowers, veined with purple toward the throat, grow on leafy stems above sturdy green foliage.
Wood Botany (Pedicularis canadensis)
It is a low, hairy plant with a broad whorl of tubular, hooded flowers on top of a segmented stalk. It has long, soft, hairy leaves some 5 to 15 inches long, deeply incised and toothed, often reddish. A favorite of bees, its flowers bloom from April through June. The flowers range in color from a greenish-yellow to purplish-red, clustered on short, dense spikes.
Yellow Root (Xanthorhiza simplicissima)
Has slender, rather woody stems 4-18" tall which bear pinnately divided leaves. The flowers are in a branched raceme. They are small. The sepals are about 1/8" long and brown-purple (autumn colors). There are no petals, but five minute sterile stamens that take their place. The sepals soon fall. There are only from five to ten functional stamens and five or more pistils. The pistils become small pods. Blooms: April-May. Yellow root and yellow bark. Full to partial shade.
Yellow Star Grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)
This dainty wildflower is like a miniature jewel when it is in bloom. One or more flowering stems up to 8" tall develop from the rosette of basal leaves; they are medium green with scattered white hairs.
Twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla)
Page 1 of Woodland Flowers
Special Woodland Flowers
Liriopes & Grasses
Vines & Ground Covers
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Phone: 931-473-2954
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